01_A2_Basics

August 21, 2017 | Author: Alexander Caicedo | Category: Scada, Ethernet, Modem, Transmission Control Protocol, Internet Protocols
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SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS Tasks and solution The System for Power Automation The Tasks: Scalable system for • Distributed process connection • Process visualization • Interface to control centre

The Solution: SICAM PAS SICAM PAS Basics

Power Automation System Copyright © SIEMENS AG PTD SE 2004. All rights reserved.

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SICAM PAS Distributed Intelligence No more bottlenecks and classical master / slave architecture Intelligence moves closer to the process due to distributed functionality using enhanced bay controllers SCADA Engineering Browser

SCADA Communication

Corporate Network TCP/IP

HMI SCADA / WAN

Station Unit

HMI

Master Unit

Station Bus

Slave

Slave

e.g. I/O Unit

e.g. I/O Unit

Ethernet IEC 61850 BU

PU

BU

PU

independent communication Process

Master / Slave Architecture

SICAM PAS Basics

Client / Server Architecture providing distributed intelligence Copyright © SIEMENS AG PTD SE 2004. All rights reserved.

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SICAM PAS Hardware and System requirements SICAMPCC PCC SICAM CFC Profibus FMS,

SICAMSAS SAS SICAM

SINAUTLSA LSA SINAUT

SICAMPAS PAS SICAM

AS for P ILSA CFC ; SIM ATIC

SICAMeRTU eRTU SICAM

SICAMRTU RTU SICAM 2002

SICAM PAS Basics

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Integrated OPC

IEC 61850

Redundancy

SICAM Diamond

Automation functions

Distributed process connection

Central process connection

WinCC HMI / WebNavigator

SICAM PAS Easy & Efficient Configuration

SICAM RTU SICAM eRTU SICAM SAS SICAM PCC SICAM PAS Especially designed for that application Together with other SICAM components SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS Areas of application • Substation Automation System with decentralized architecture and IEC 61850 communication • Communication to control centers • Automation • Local visualization, archiving and logging (SICAM PAS CC) • Remote visualization, archiving and logging (Web Navigator) • Interface to IEDs and substations • Data exchange using OPC • Data acquisition and data transmission under real-time conditions SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS SICAM PAS Station Unit Fan less operation No rotating hard disk => silicon flash disk Secure operation with high availability Windows XP embedded OS Watchdog, temperature supervision Separate SICAM PAS CC hardware

SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS All-in-One Configuration

For small applications Up to 10-15 Bay devices SICAM PAS and SICAM PAS CC together at the same Station Unit Server computer

SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS Station Unit and HMI separated Corporate Network TCP/IP

Control Center IEC T101 “Full Server”

IEC T104 SICAM PAS CC

Station Bus Ethernet IEC61850

Up to 100 Bay devices Up to 5.000 data points SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS Full Server – DIP Configuration

Up to 10.000 data points

Control Center IEC T101

Up to 6 DIPs Up to 150 Bay devices

Corporate Network TCP/IP

“Full Server”

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IEC T104 SICAM PAS CC

“DIP”

Station Bus Ethernet IEC61850

DIP = Device Interface Processor SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS Hot-Hot-redundant Configuration IEDs with IEC 61850 IEDs with Profibus FMS Corporate Network TCP/IP

RTUs with dual-master protocols

………HMI Clients……..

Control Center “Full Server”

IEC T104

“Full Server”

Redundant HMI Server Ethernet IEC61850

Station Bus

Profibus FMS

SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS - a scalable System SICAM PAS UI – Highlights Easy & Efficient Configuration No compilation and loading into a separate runtime system necessary Online changes w/o restarting the whole system Tools for test & diagnostics Integrated tools, Value Viewer…. Reduced engineering effort Bottom-up configuration Data exchange SICAM PAS Basics

SCDXML File

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SICAM PAS Basic Package SICAM PAS UI Depending on the requirements, different basic packages are available Basic package Full Server and DIP are available in two variants A pure engineering package is available additionally RunTime Full Server RunTime DIP & & Configuration Configuration RunTime

RunTime SICAM PAS UI Configuration

The basic package contents: Value-Viewer OPC Server Sybase SQL data-base-system Real-time data handler - Distributed System Infrastructure (DSI) SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS SICAM PAS UI – User Interface The SICAM PAS User Interface consists of three independent programs SICAM PAS UI – Configuration - for parameterization of the project specific applications SICAM PAS UI – Operation - provides an overview of: applications, interfaces and device connections. SICAM PAS Value Viewer - a tool for engineering, commissioning and operation - permits the visualization of: process- and system status and the command execution for test purposes. SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS - a scalable System SICAM PAS UI – Configuration 4 views for structured work: Configuration / Mapping / Topology / Templates

SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS - a scalable System SICAM PAS UI – Configuration 4 views for structured work: Configuration / Mapping / Topology / Templates

SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS - a scalable System SICAM PAS UI – Configuration SICAM PAS UI – Configuration: four views for structured work Configuration / Mapping / Topology / Templates

SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS - a scalable System SICAM PAS UI – Configuration SICAM PAS UI – Configuration: four views for structured work Configuration / Mapping / Topology / Templates

SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS - a scalable System SICAM PAS UI – Operation Applications / Interfaces / Device connections overview

SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS - a scalable System SICAM PAS UI – Value Viewer • A tool for engineering, testing, commissioning and operation. • It allows the visualization of the process and system information without additional engineering expenses and provides information about current status and quality. • Also the command direction can be tested.

SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS - a scalable System Data Exchange

Import of engineering data - IEC 61850 - Profibus FMS - IEC 60870-5-103 - IEC 60870-5-101

Export of T101 (Slave) engineering data for SAS, RTU, eRTU from SICAM plusTOOLS > V4.0 XMLExportfile SICAM PAS or PCC

Import of engineering data - IEC 60870-5-101 - IEC 60870-5-104

XMLExportfile

Export of T103 engineering data for SIPROTEC 4 DIGSI 4

SINAUT Spectrum Power CC

SICAM PAS Export of T101 / !04 (Slave)- engineering data

SICAM PAS

SICAM PAS Basics

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DbaseExportfile

Export of Profibus FMS Engineering data for SIPROTEC 4 DIGSI 4

XMLExportfile

Export of IEC 61850 engineering data for SIPROTEC 4 DIGSI 4

SCDExportfile

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SICAM PAS – a scalable System Software: Basic Package and Options

Option x

Option x

Option IEDprotocols

Option TCProtocol SICAM PAS Order only what you need: Basic Basic package + required package options Option Automation

Option x

SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS - a scalable System Software – Options • Protocols for connection to IEDs and substations – IEC 61850 => Version V5.1, app. 07/04 – Profibus FMS (SICAM / SIPROTEC specified protocols) – IEC 60870-5-103 Options – DNP V3.00 – Profibus DP – Modbus – ILSA (internal LSA protocol) => Version V5.1, app. 07/04 • Protocols for connection to control centers – IEC 60870-5-101 – IEC 60870-5-104 – DNP V3.00 • Open communication e.g. data exchange with SIMATIC –

OPC Client

• Automation with CFC and Structured Text SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS - a scalable System Option – OPC-Client – Data exchange and communication with OPC Server using the OPC Client

OPC Client

– The communication partner OPC Server can be located on the same PC or on another PC connected via TCP/IP (Ethernet) – The open communication can especially be used for the data exchange with automation devices e.g. SIMATIC SICAM PAS SIMATIC

Station Unit

OPC OPC Client

SICAM PAS Basics

OPC Server

CP 1 6 1 3

Ethernet, S7-Protocol

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SICAM PAS - a scalable System Option – Automation

The Automation task is implemented with SoftPLC. – CFC = Continuous Function Chart – or with Structured Text (ST) – library with specific system-tested function blocks

SICAM PAS Basics

Automation

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SICAM PAS Option - Automation Automation

SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS Authorities

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SICAM PAS CC Station Unit TC1

TC2

TC3

• Switching priorities DSI Auto SICAM PAS CC Station Unit

• Bay blocking

TC

TC

TC

DSI Auto

SICAM PAS CC

Station blocking deactivated Station Unit TC

TC

FWTC

• Station blocking DSI Auto

DSI = Distributed System Infrastructure SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS Time Synchronization Use of a „time-synchronization module“ in the Station Unit SICAM PAS CC

Antenna

Ethernet (TCP/IP) Station Unit

TimeModule Hopf

Time Master /-server

IEC 61850 T103 Profibus FMS

SICAM PAS Basics

T101

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SICAM PAS Time Synchronization • A separate time master for Ethernet can be used • SNTP-Server (Simple Network Time Protocol) • Synchronization of all connected devices (SNTP-Clients) Antenna

Station Unit SICAM PAS CC

(Time-) SNTP -Client

Master clock SNTP-Server by Meinberg or Siclock

Time Master /-server

IEC 61850 T103

Ethernet (TCP/IP) Profibus FMS

SICAM PAS Basics

T101

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SICAM PAS Fault Recording Fault recording of protection devices connected via • IEC 60870-5-103, Profibus FMS and IEC 61850 • Automatic transmission of fault records • Automatic archiving of fault records on the Full Server or DIP • SICAM Recpro consists of: – SICAM Recpro Explorer – SICAM Recpro Collector – Comtrade Viewer • SIGRA 4 can be used for a more sophisticated analysis of fault records (not included in SICAM Recpro)

SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS Fault Recording SICAM Recpro Collector

SICAM Recpro Explorer and Comtrade Viewer

Automatic transmission of archives of the station units to a superior level fault record archive

SICAM Recpro PC

Ethernet TCP/IP

DIP

Full Server

IEC 61850 Profibus FMS

Full Server

IEC 60870 -5-103

= communication- specific fault recording archive = collected fault recording archives, higher level fault recording archives

SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS Differences to SICAM SAS and SICAM PCC communication to SCADA systems PAS SAS PCC Remarks (PAS) number of connections

5

IEC 60870-5-101 slave

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- balanced - unbalanced - dual channel - Norway user convention IEC 60870-5-104 slave - dual channel - Norway user convention SINAUT-8FW slave DNP V3.00 TG800 slave TG8979 slave Ferranti slave IEC 60870-6 Tase.2 (ICCP)

SICAM PAS Basics

3

5

available in V6.0 available in V6.0 available in V6.0 available in V6.0 level 2

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SICAM PAS Differences to SICAM SAS and SICAM PCC communication to sub-systems / IEDs PAS SAS PCC Remarks (PAS) IEC 60870-5-101 master - balanced - unbalanced - dial up DNP V3.00 IEC 61850 client IEC 60870-5-103 Profibus FMS (UPF) Profibus DP Modbus SEAbus+

SICAM PAS Basics

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level 2

no station interlocking for local control SIMEAS Q can not be connected



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SICAM PAS Differences to SICAM SAS and SICAM PCC open communication PAS SAS PCC Remarks (PAS) OPC server OPC client TCP/IP / OSI

☺ ☺ ☺

ODBC (Database Gateway)

☺ ☺ ☺

SAS: only S7-functions PAS/SAS: possible in WinCC

architecture of HMI PAS SAS PCC Remarks (PAS) all-in-one possible 1 HMI for several controller several HMI for 1 controller client-server architecture redundant server multi-server architecture remote HMI via www

SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS Differences to SICAM SAS and SICAM PCC architecture / central tasks PAS SAS PCC Remarks (PAS) automation switching authority bay blocking station blocking hot-hot redandancy distibuted architecture

☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺

remote diagnostic SOE logger Trace Control Centre Tool-kit (IED protocols) fault records - central archiv - comtrade format

SICAM PAS Basics

channel specific channel specific IEC 61850, Profibus FMS



SAS: IEDs, frame coupling



value-viewer



direct I/O connection diagnostic tools on board

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SICAM Diamond in V5.1 PAS / SAS in WinCC with OPC possible

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SICAM PAS Hardware and System requirements Operating system • Windows XP professional • Windows XP embedded • Windows 2000 professional • Windows 2000 Server Hardware Platform • Pentium III processor 800 MHz • 256 Mbyte RAM • 512 Mbyte hard disk capacity • VGA-card for 1280 x 1024 resolution • CDROM- drive If used together with SIMATIC WinCC, the system requirements for SIMATIC WinCC must also be observed! SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS Interfaces to IEDs and Substations • Profibus FMS 2 CP5613 per Station Unit with up to 30 IEDs each • Profibus DP 2 CP5613 per Station Unit (recommendation) with up to 30 IEDs each • IEC60870-5-103, IEC60870-5-101, DNP V3.00, Modbus - Use of COM expanders (e.g.Rocket Ports) or serial hubs - Up to 2 internal COM expanders with up to 32 interfaces each - Up to 100 devices connected to one Full Server or DIP • IEC 61850 Up to 100 devices connected to one Full Server or DIP • Up to 100 devices to one “Full Server” & up to 5000 variables • Up to 100 devices to one “DIP” & up to 5000 variables • Up to 150 devices to one PAS system (Full Server and DIP) & up to 10000 variables SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS Communication options: IEC 61850 The new communication standard for the station bus • • • •

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IEC 61850

based on Ethernet Up to 128 IEDs Ethernet components from Ruggedcom recommend IEC 61850-Goose-mechanism – Inter-bay-interlocks – Communication between IEDs

62,5µ or 50µ Fibre

TP

100 Mbit/s redundant switched Ethernet ring Bay Cubicle

TP TP

TP

No Redundancy, Cost-optimized

Cu Twisted Pair (TP) Shielded cable max. 20m

Small medium voltage switchgear

SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS Communication options: PROFIBUS FMS Profibus FMS • Up to 2 x CP5613 per Station Unit • Up to 30 IEDs (100 information each) per CP5613 • Profibus components from A&D, e.g. OLM RS485-single bus

FO single ring

FO double ring

Remarks – no interbay interlocking during local control SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS Communication options: IEC 60870-5-103 • Connection with serial interfaces • Extension of interfaces:

IEC 60870-5103

– Internal COM-Expander – Serial hubs => connection to Ethernet-LAN – RS232 --> RS485 Converter

– Star coupler 7XV5.... (not 7XV57)

Ethernet TCP/IP Serial Hub RS485, RS232

SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS Communication options: Other IED protocols • DNP V3.00

IEDprotocols

– Serial interface => IEC 60870-5-103 • Profibus DP – Up to 2 x CP5613 per Station Unit – Up to 31 devices per CP5613 – Profibus components from A&D, e.g. OLMs => Profibus FMS • Modbus – Serial interface via RS485 (COM-Expander or serial Hub)

SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS Communication options: IEC 60870-5-101 Master • Operating modes – Balanced – Unbalanced (up to 16 satellite RTUs)

Recommendation: Use of COMExpanders (e.g. Rocket-Ports) => Reducing CPU load

• Dial-up traffic (IAWD; analog, ISDN, GSM) – Operating modes • Unbalanced (

mRTU)

Modem

IEC 60870-5101 master

Modem

• Balanced

• Recommended modem – INSYS

Public Telephone Network

– Back-up modem possible • Serial interface => IEC 60870-5-103

Modem

Modem

Modem

SICAM miniRTU

SICAM miniRTU

SICAM miniRTU

Recommendation: max. 8 substations on one ‘PAS-Modem’

SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS Hardware and System requirements Communication to up to 5 control centers • IEC 60870-5-101 – balanced – unbalanced

TCprotocols

– Baud rate 1,2 .. 38,4 kBaud – Communication via serial interface • IEC 60870-5-104 – Communication via Ethernet interface • DNP V3.00 – Baud rate 1,2 .. 38,4 kBaud – Communication via serial interface

SICAM PAS Basics

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SICAM PAS Energy must be safe

SICAM PAS CC SICAM PAS

SICAM eRTU

SIPROTEC

SICAM mini/micro RTU

SICAM PAS Basics

SICAM Diamond

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